Why should globalization be slowed down? 

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You can't slow down globalization. It's an unstoppable force. We can take some actions to slow down the damaging effects. For example, we could find ways to limit the negatives of outsourcing.
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Globalization creates concentrations of power, such as power over our economy, power over our money.  Having power concentrated where one person or one party can get its hands upon it for its own use, is a very dangerous thing.

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Again, I am not entirely convinced that globalization needs to be slowed down.  Yet, I think that the culturalists might have an argument that  can be seen as persuasive.  Their fundamental assertion is that globalization should be seen with some level of fear in that it seeks to make the world more of a common denominator, removing the specific element of difference.  If globalization means that everyone embraces capitalist ideology where individuals are valued and assessed through economic worth, where culture is defined by growing McDonalds and Starbucks, and where everyone possesses a greater level of sameness, this could be a compelling argument as to why it should be slowed.  The individual cultural identities that helped to prop up many a nation and social grouping is one where globalization might be a force to be slowed or retarded in its progress.  Again, I am not entirely convinced of this myself, but it could hold persuasion to those who are looking for reasons as to why globalization should be slowed.

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To me, the simplest and most pressing answer to this question is that the world does not have nearly enough resources to sustain the kind of global economic and industrial development that takes place in a globalized world.  The amount of oil, water, electricity, and industrial metals and materials is limited.  We would need several Earth's worth of these resources to support a world full of middle class human beings.  It is evidence of how far our population has already grown beyond our ability to sustain it in what those who live in the industrialized world would call prosperity.

At this point, there is no slowing down globalization except by running out of resources.

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I am not convinced that we should slow down globalization.  But if we should, here are a couple of reasons:

  • Globalization puts stress on the economies of rich countries and poor countries alike.  The manufacturing workers in rich countries lose out to lower wage countries.  The farmers in poorer countries lose out to those from richer countries.  Even if all countries win eventually, there are temporary stresses on parts of the countries.
  • Globalization tends to diminish the cultural uniqueness of each country.  It leads to all countries having similar cultures -- watching the same movies, eating the same foods.
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