The village should give up the tradition of the lottery because it is barbaric. It is wrong to kill people for no reason. The town holds on to the tradition because the townspeople are afraid to change anything, but being afraid of change is ridiculous. Life is about evolving and changing. If you are afraid of change, you will never grow.
The town’s devotion to tradition is evident from the fact that they will not even change the box or three-legged stool they use in the lottery. Keeping the lottery is one thing, but not replacing obviously broken vestments for it is symbolic of how tradition-crazy this town is.
The lottery uses an old crumbling black box on a wobbly stool. The stool only has three legs, but they won’t fix it or replace it. The box is falling apart, but they won’t repair it or get another box. Also, the box is made from the pieces of the last box.
The original paraphernalia for the lottery had been lost long ago, and the black box now resting on the stool had been put into use even before Old Man Warner, the oldest man in town, was born. Mr. Summers spoke frequently to the villagers about making a new box, but no one liked to upset even as much tradition as was represented by the black box.
The other, more pressing reason not to keep the lottery is that there is no reason to kill one person randomly every year. When a person is killed, there is normally a reason. Even if your town accepted stoning people, which most of us do not, stoning one random person a year is not moral.