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There are a number of reasons why someone might argue that suicide should be illegal.  Let us examine a few of them.

First, we can argue that suicide should be illegal because it is immoral.  We can say that suicide is immoral because a person who commits suicide is rejecting...

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There are a number of reasons why someone might argue that suicide should be illegal.  Let us examine a few of them.

First, we can argue that suicide should be illegal because it is immoral.  We can say that suicide is immoral because a person who commits suicide is rejecting the gift of life that God has given us all.  If God has given us life, then it is not for us to reject that life.  We have laws against various other things that we think are immoral (like taking drugs or having sex with animals), so we should have laws against suicide.  Even if the laws do not deter anyone from committing suicide, we are at least making important statements about our society’s values.

Second, we can argue that suicide should be illegal because of the costs that it can impose on other people.  Suicide can harm others in a variety of ways.  For example, if a man goes out in his back yard and shoots himself, he harms the people (police and paramedics, for example) who must respond.  While these people do deal with death on a somewhat regular basis, it is not as if they enjoy seeing things like horrible gunshot wounds.  Suicide also hurts society as we have to pay these people to spend a great deal of time investigating the death and processing the body.  More importantly, suicide harms the people who care about the person who commits suicide.  Loved ones and friends feel saddened and rejected.  Spouses and children can be left to cope (financially and emotionally) with life without their loved one.  We should be able to make actions illegal if they harm other members of society.

Finally, if we allow suicide, it is (arguably) more likely that people will commit suicide.  Many people think that legalizing marijuana will cause more people to use that drug.  If that is the case, then it also makes sense (at least possibly) that legalizing suicide will lead to an increase in suicides.  Conversely, if we passed laws against it, we might reduce the incidence of suicide.

All of these reasons can be given as rationales for banning suicide.

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