I am not sure that abolished is the correct term to use with abortion. I strongly disagree with using abortion as a form of birth control or to terminate an unwanted pregnancy.
Have you read The Cider House Rules? I suggest the book over the movie.
One reason for the abolishment of abortion is the medical impact it could have on the parent. Whenever someone undergoes a procedure with anesthesia they risk the chance of injury or death.
Another reason is that many people feel that at the moment of conception the spirit is formed or assigned to a body. If you believe this, aborting a fetus would be in essence killing a spirit. This could have a negative impact on the parent psychologically. The parent may not feel the impact right away. When we are young we don't always think things through. As the years pass and the person matures he/she may begin to feel regret.
If abortion was abolished then maybe people would take more precautions if they are going to engage in sexual activity. If someone is thinking about having sex and know that they cannot have an abortion if they get pregnant then they may even abstain from having sex altogether just to prevent pregnancy from happening. Unfortunately, I do not think this is reality for many people.
The most common answer to this would be that a fetus is a human being.
People who believe this believe that a fetus is a human being from the moment that it is conceived. If this is the case, then abortion is clearly murder.
If you believe this, then there is no way that any kind of compromise can be acceptable. We do not allow people to kill one another just because it is convenient to do so. Therefore, we could certainly not allow the killing of unborn people for the convenience of the mother.
This argument only makes sense if you share that basic assumption, though.
Abolishing abortions is taking away a women's rights to her body and her beliefs. If abortion is wrong don't get one and teach your children your beliefs. Massive amounts of women died from having an illegal medical procedure. Abortion is a choice not a rule. Doctors can refuse to perform procedures. Insurance companies can refuse to pay for abortions. That would be their choice. People, we walk a fine line getting lawmakers involved with our opinions about personal life decisions. That's how Tyranny begins. To each its own.
The most valid reason for abolishing abortion is that the foetus, is also and unborn baby, and thus is a living being. Thus abortion amounts to ending of a human life. Thus abortion is justified only in cases of medical complications.
Practice of abortion to just to avoid having babies is not justified. especially because there are many other very effective methods available to achieve that end. By allowing unrestricted practice of abortion, we not only promote insensitivity towards human life, we also put health of mother at risk.
It shouldn't be abolished. The whole subject is drowned in spurious moral claims, hysteria and religious beliefs dressed up as fact.
The female human body naturally aborts approximately 50% of ALL fertilised eggs. If 'God' is so outrage by abortion, why did he make a system that results in 50% of his unique and precious humans-beings being naturally aborted?