In chapter 26 of To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout is now in the third grade. Her teacher, Miss Gates, wants the children to start talking about current events. When Cecil Jacobs talk about Hitler and what he is doing to the Jews, Miss Gates shows her disgust for Hitler.
"That's the difference between America and Germany. We are a democracy and Germany is a dictatorship...over here we don't believe in persecuting anybody. Persecution comes from people who are prejudiced... There are no better people in the world than the Jews, and why Hitler doesn't think so is a mystery to me."
Scout is having a hard time trying to understand Miss Gates, and it is bothering her when she gets home. She tries to ask Atticus about it, but decides to ask Jem, since he is better at the school stuff. She tells him that Miss Gates hates Hitler and what he is doing to the Jews, and Jem wants to know what is wrong with that.
"Well, coming out of the courthouse that night Miss Gates was-she was goin' down the steps in front of us, you musta not seen her- she was talking with Miss Stephanie Crawford. I heard her say it's time somebody taught 'em a lesson, they were gettin' way above themselves, an' the next thing they think they can do is marry us. Jem, how can you hate Hitler so bad an' then turn around and be ugly about folks right at home-"
Scout can see how Miss Gates is being a hypocrite. Miss Gates thinks it is horrible what Hitler is doing, yet she is basically doing the same thing right here at home, feeling the way she does about black people. This is the first time we see Scout really show her maturity. Atticus has raised Jem and Scout to be decent people, and Scout is upset when she sees an injustice being done right under her nose.