The dystopian science fiction novel Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury tells of a future society in which firemen go about burning books. The fireman Montag becomes disillusioned with his job and rebels against the destruction of knowledge. At the end of the book, he meets a secret society of people dedicated to the preservation of significant works of literature. Because books are forbidden and dangerous to possess, these people memorize books that they love and then destroy them. After this, out of respect, they call themselves by the names of the authors whose works they have committed to memory.
Bradbury mentions Schopenhauer at the end of the book as one of the authors whose works have been preserved because he obviously considers Schopenhauer's writings important enough to be saved. Arthur Schopenhauer was a German philosopher whose writings had a profound influence on many important thinkers and writers, including Leo Tolstoy, Albert Einstein, Carl Jung, Thomas Mann, and presumably, of course, Ray Bradbury himself. As a science fiction and fantasy writer, Bradbury may have been drawn to the philosopher's writings because of Schopenhauer's interest in parapsychology and magic.