What causes rabies?What are it's symptoms and signs?It's effects?How is it diagnosed?What are preventive measures?What animals carry it?

Expert Answers
trophyhunter1 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Rabies is a viral disease of Mammals. It most often occurs in wild animals such as  foxes, raccoons, bats, skunks. The virus attacks the central nervous system. This results in the death of the animal because the virus attacks the brain.  Symptoms are first similar to the flu and  include fever, weakness, headache and then progresses to confusion, fear of water, excitability, excessive salivation and insomnia. The acute period lasts 2--10days and when the clinical symptoms occur, survival is rare. Treatment is human immune globulin, which contains antibodies as well as rounds of rabies vaccine. Transmission of rabies is generally through a bite when an uninfected animal is exposed to the saliva of an infected animal.  Preventative measures for rabies is to make sure your pet's vaccines are up to date. Any encounter with a wild animal is considered a rabies exposure to your pet. Although any mammal can be susceptible to rabies, coyotes, foxes, raccoons, bats and skunks are important reservoirs of this disease.

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