Why are the pigs accepted as the planners of farm policy in Animal Farm?
The pigs are the organizers of the farm because they are the cleverest animals.
The pig Old Major’s dream for Animal Farm was a completely egalitarian system where the animals looked after themselves so that no humans needed to be involved. In practice, however, the pigs quickly took charge.
The work of teaching and organising the others fell naturally upon the pigs, who were generally recognised as being the cleverest of the animals. (Ch. 2)
The pigs are considered the smartest animals on the farm, and maybe that is so. They quickly take control, and then subjugate the next-smartest group, the dogs. The pigs begin by running things mostly democratically, because Snowball and Napoleon are vying for influence.
The pigs quickly begin to collect luxuries for themselves. The animals assumed that the milk and apples would be shared. The pigs’ mouthpiece Squealer explains why they are taking all of them.
Our sole object in taking these things is to preserve our health. Milk and apples (this has been proved by Science, comrades) contain substances absolutely necessary to the well−being of a pig. We pigs are brainworkers. The whole management and organisation of this farm depend on us. (Ch. 3)
The pigs also sleep in the farmer’s house, even in the beds. They claim it is all right because they need the rest and they don’t use sheets. Before long, they are even trading the farm surplus for alcohol. The pigs are the only ones who get these luxuries.
The other animals accept the pigs’ control at first. They do not see anything wrong with it because the pigs seem to make good arguments. However, as time goes on the pigs get more and more abusive. Napoleon and his henchmen use Snowball as a scapegoat and run him off. Soon, the pigs are treating the animals as badly as the people treated them.