One of the central claims that Paulo Freire makes in his work is that people need to be involved in their own freedom from oppression by means of education; it's not something that can be given to them by others—they need to be active participants. Because of this, he writes Pedagogy of the Oppressed rather than for the oppressed; it is something created with and by them.
In the first chapter of the book, Freire writes:
This book will present some aspects of what the writer has termed the pedagogy of the oppressed, a pedagogy which must be forged with, not for, the oppressed (whether individuals or peoples) in the incessant struggle to regain their humanity.
He goes on to explain that the people have to be involved in the fight to be free. It's a necessary part of becoming free. No one else can give it to them. They have to recognize themselves as part of the structure that is oppressing them so that they can learn to be free of it. It's about active participation in their own release as...
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