The passive- aggressive personality is intricate, and extends into many different domains. Shame can be a part of this personality. Perhaps, the shame, or embarassment, at not being successful at something comes out in a passive- aggressive form. Rather than appropriating the supposed weakness and seeking to make a productive end out of it, the shame of failure can be a motivating factor behind the passive- aggressive personality. This personality type is one that features a pattern of behavior whereby "indirect resistance to others" is exhibited through "covert" means. The "resistance" element might be sparked by a perceived insufficiency or failure. The result of this is to adopt a persona where approaches are taken that reflect an inability to find a balance between "dependence and independence." It is here where shame might be able to find a home, and is reflected through a personal that is "critical of others" perhaps to conceal one's own self- critical nature. It is difficult to see if shame is a motivating factor behind passive aggressiveness or if shame is a result of passive aggressiveness. The end result is that the behavior of passive aggressiveness can contain some element of shame within its configuration.