Friedrich Nietzsche is an unusual influence in philosophy in that his works were not considered significant until well after his death. He drew from many different sources to create his ideas of philosophy, and was one of the first philosophers to focus extensively on the self instead of on the collective. This allowed a focus on personal growth and the elimination of "messy" religious influence, which was still common in philosophy while Nietzsche was writing ("messy" does not denote negativity, but refers to the complications that religious influence has on pure philosophical ideas). Nietzsche's influence on Nazi Germany was largely the result of misinterpretation and selective reading, but cannot be ignored; Richard Nixon read Nietzsche extensively, and modern-day anarchist movements draw selectively from Nietzsche's works.
Nietzsche served as a staunch proponent of individualism, which formerly had been ignored in favor of altruistic collectivism; he showed that the individual is just as important as society, if not more so, and claimed that life was meaningless unless lived with intent. This affected many future philosophers in dealing with questions of meaning and purpose both in human life and in the existence of the universe itself. To this day, Nietzsche's works are drawn on in almost every field of art, literature, and philosophy, whether to deconstruct them or as foundations for building new ideas.