I think that Pirandello is considered to be a fascist because of Mussolini's support. It is difficult to find in his work the support and zeal of fascism. Pirandello constructed his work in much of the Modernist tendency to find frailty and fragmentation in all totalizing visions. Recall his short story, "War," in which all the justifications for sending children to war cannot mask the pain at the heart of those who are left behind to witness the ultimate sacrifice. Perhaps, Pirandello is associated with fascism because of the fame, control, and autonomy that was afforded to him with his praise from Mussolini, a relationship that might have been practical in order to maintain artistic growth and maturation.