In "The Story of an Hour," why is Louise referred to as a "goddess of victory?"
This is Chopin's characterization of Louise after she emerges from the room. I think that she can be considered a "Goddess of Victory" because she dies at the supreme moment of her triumph. At the moment of her death, Louise has been able to transform herself from conventionally mournful housewife to the supreme architect of her own destiny, a being at peace with her freedom and autonomy as well as her place in the world. She achieves a transcendental quality when she emerges from the room and gallantly strides down the staircase. Chopin uses the reference of "that open window" through which Louise was "drinking in a very elixir of life." This helps to develop the idea that Louise was moving into an "other worldly" domain, contributing to the "unwitting" descent down the staircase as a "goddess of Victory." Louise achieves the vision of a "Goddess" at the notion that she is "Free! Body and soul free!"