In The Giver, why is Jonas careful about his word choices?

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In chapter 1, Jonas contemplates the correct word to appropriately describe his feelings regarding the upcoming Ceremony of Twelve. As Jonas is riding his bicycle home, he remembers Asher being corrected by their teacher for using the wrong adjective to describe his feelings when he drove his bike past the hatchery. Asher was corrected for using the word "distraught" and was instructed to use the word "distracted" instead. The teacher informed Asher that "distraught" was too strong an adjective to describe his feelings.

The reason Jonas is careful about his word choice is because he does not want to upset anyone or stress any of his peers. He also wishes to avoid being corrected by authority figures, who pay particularly close attention to vocabulary. In Jonas's structured, austere community, citizens must speak carefully to avoid saying inflammatory comments that would disrupt the community's comfortable atmosphere. Exaggerating, lying, or using inflammatory language is a serious offense in Jonas's community, where citizens are released after three transgressions. In order to avoid punishment or disrupt the other citizens, Jonas learns to choose his words wisely and think before he speaks.

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There are two main reasons that Jonas is careful with his word choices. The first is that in the Community, words have very specific meanings, and so using the wrong word is inefficient and causes people to waste time and energy. Instead, children are educated to always use the right words so that their later lives will be lived to the utmost efficiency. Jonas has witnessed the various problems caused by incorrect word choice, and so is careful to always use the right words in expressing himself.

Now, thinking about the feeling of fear as he pedaled home... it was not what he was feeling now with December approaching. He searched for the right word to describe his own feeling.

Jonas was careful about language.
(Lowry, The Giver, Google Books)

The second reason is that using the wrong word is often grounds for punishment or even "Release," which Jonas discovers means euthanasia. People in the Community who use incorrect language cause significant problems with the structure and  scheduling of the society, which is tightly controlled, and so if he continuously fails to use the correct words, Jonas runs the risk of being an outcast or being killed. Correct word choices allow Jonas to function within the society even as he learns about the real word outside, and the real meaning of his feelings.

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