Why are Jay Gatsby AND Nick Carraway the protagonists in the novel "The Great Gatsby"?

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Daija Abshire eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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I think this can be argued several ways, but primarily because Nick and Gatsby are both ideal characters from a certain perspective.

Gatsby certainly isn't the most upstanding person in the world, but Nick presents him as a youthful and idealistic embodiment of the American Dream. Gatsby has, in relative terms, achieved success, and yet is unsatisfied. We are meant to understand that Gatsby's money is only a means to an end, and that he is "like us" more than we realize. This becomes especially true when he is...

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writergal06 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Since the protagonist is always the central character in a given book, The Great Gatsby can be said to have two of them.

First is Jay Gatsby himself. Not only is he the "man who gives his name to this book", but he also is the character upon which the world of this novel revolves. Nick Carraway, as our narrator and storyteller--the one who creates the book's world for us--frames the story not with his journey but with Gatsby's, structuring the book's rise, climax, and fall according to Gatsby's rise as a self-made man, attempt to win back Daisy, and eventual tragic death. 

And yet it could be argued that the second protagonist is Nick Carraway himself. After all, it is only because of Nick narrating the story for us, the reader, that Gatsby is made out to be the central and most dynamic character. The fact remains that there are several pages in the book before Gatsby's introduction and after Gatsby's death, all detailing the bookends of Nick's own journey in the book. Though Nick's journey is more introspective than tragi-heroic,we are meant to be identifying with Nick's disillusionment over East Coast money and his ambivalence towards the ideals Gatsby spent his life chasing. We follow Gatsby's story, but we also feel Nick's personal growth along the way.