Why does James Joyce describe Eveline as a "helpless animal"?

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Eveline is a "helpless animal" in that she's controlled by family ties and feels that she can't do anything about it. These ties—or rather, chains—exert a hold on her like a dog chain or a tether, holding her back, preventing her from gaining independence.

Despite leading a life of abuse and domestic drudgery, Eveline still can't bring herself to make that leap of faith and join her lover aboard ship as he sets sail for a new life in Argentina. This is largely because she's never been allowed to mature. Treated like a beast of burden, and controlled by her abusive father, Eveline has led the life of a domesticated animal whose natural instinct for freedom has been curbed by the onerous responsibilities of family life. As such, Eveline feels utterly helpless as she stands there on the quayside while her lover sails off to the other side of the world.

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James Joyce, author of the short story "Eveline," uses the simile "like a helpless animal" in order to describe Eveline's spiritual...

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