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The Fragile States Index (formerly the Failed States Index) is published annually by the U.S. think tank Fund for Peace and the New Humanitarian News agency. The Index (attached below) gives states a mark out of 120 based on twelve factors of fragility, each scored out of 10, with 0...

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The Fragile States Index (formerly the Failed States Index) is published annually by the U.S. think tank Fund for Peace and the New Humanitarian News agency. The Index (attached below) gives states a mark out of 120 based on twelve factors of fragility, each scored out of 10, with 0 indicating stability and 10, extreme instability. States with an FSI score of 90 or over are categorized as "alert," those with 100 or over as "high alert," and those with 110 or over as "very high alert."

The most recent data from Yemen shows that it was ranked first in the world for fragility in 2019, with a score of 113.5 out of 120. This is the first time Yemen has been rated the most fragile state (out of the 178 countries from which data is gathered), though it has been in the top ten since 2012.

The twelve factors which determine the fragility of a state include external intervention, which is clearly very high in Yemen, since Saudi Arabia, together with a coalition of its allies, has used airstrikes and blockades to intervene in the civil war since 2015. Another important factor is the presence of factionalized elites in the ongoing war between government and Houthi forces. All the factors of fragility are present to a high degree in Yemen, but the attacks of the Saudi-led coalition and the ongoing civil war mean that it has the highest possible rating in these two areas.

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