Why is the Battle of Saratoga considered a turning point in the American Revolution?

The Battle of Saratoga is considered a turning point in the American Revolution primarily for its diplomatic implications. It was the first truly decisive victory of the Revolutionaries over the British and played a significant role in convincing the French that the American Revolution was a viable cause to support. This resulted in an alliance between the French and the Americans, fundamentally transforming the Revolutionary struggle.

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The Battle of Saratoga was a very significant moment in the Revolutionary War because it showed that the Americans were capable of defeating the British. In turn, this convinced Britain's enemies, such as Holland and France, to throw their support behind the American colonists. This was a crucial move, as the Americans needed all the support they could get—diplomatic as well as military—in their struggle against what at that time was the world's leading power.

The American victory at Saratoga also acted as a huge morale boost on the home front. It wasn't just the Dutch and the French who now became convinced that the Americans could win the war, but the Americans themselves. The Americans had just taken on and defeated an army sent by the world's greatest military power. As one can imagine, this encouraged them to believe that victory was at hand.

After Saratoga, the Revolutionary War became a global conflict, with the French entering into a formal military alliance with the Americans. This forced the British into overstretching their forces, diverting much-needed troops away from the American theatre of conflict. Inevitably, this severely weakened the ability of the British to wage war against the Americans, which contributed to their eventual defeat.

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The Battle of Saratoga ranks among the most important turning points of the Revolutionary War, but its greatest importance lies in its diplomatic repercussions, which had the effect of fundamentally transforming the nature of the conflict.

Ultimately, what you must remember is that in the American Revolution, the colonists were at a disadvantage facing the British. They had limited formal military expertise and were facing the British army (note also that the British employed mercenaries as well). Moreover, they had no answer to British naval supremacy. Winning their independence in a sustained military conflict represented an extraordinarily difficult, uphill struggle.

At the same time, however, the American Revolution unfolded within the context of European political rivalries, and the other European powers were watching the Revolution, a fact of which the Revolutionaries themselves were well aware. Nations such as France had a vested interest in seeing the colonies successfully break free from Britain and wished to avenge earlier humiliations against the British. The question was, for them, a matter of viability more than anything else. Did the American Revolution have a real chance at success?

The Battle of Saratoga's importance lay in the way in which it answered that question, as the colonists handed the British a decisive military defeat. In the aftermath of this victory, France would sign a formal alliance with the United States. The entry of another European power radically transformed the picture of the Revolutionary War, in ways that would prove critical in ensuring its success.

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The Battle of Saratoga, actually a series of military conflicts between September 1777 and October 1777 that took place near Albany in Saratoga County, New York, was a turning point in the Revolutionary War because it ultimately convinced the French of America's strength. The two important battles were the Battle of Freeman's Farm and the Battle of Bemis Heights. These conflicts would result in the French aligning themselves with the colonies and providing aid that included French generals, ships and troops. Later, France would declare war on England.

General John Burgoyne had a plan to divide the colonies and separate New England from the southern colonies. The General was to rendezvous with General Howe and Lord Cornwallis. However, the plan failed when George Washington prevented Howe from joining forces with Burgoyne. Even though the Americans lost the first Battle of Freeman's Farm on September 19, 1777 due to the aid of the Germans to the British, they rallied and won the Battle of Bemis Heights which resulted in Burgoyne's surrender and disgrace ten days later.

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The Battle of Saratoga (September-October, 1777) was actually a series of battles that culminated with the surrender of the British force led by General John Burgoyne. Saratoga did indeed prove to be the turning point of the American Revolution. In addition to being the most significant American victory up to that point of the war, eliminating a strong British force in the northern theatre, Saratoga had a greater effect: Both France and Spain sided with the Americans as allies, and the French contribution proved to be an essential element of the colonies' eventual victory over Great Britain.

After first defeating General Horatio Gates' American army at the Battle of Freeman's Farm on September 19, 1777, Burgoyne was defeated at the Battle of Bemis Heights on October 7. Burgoyne was forced to retreat and his army was surrounded by superior American forces at Saratoga on October 17. Following the British surrender, France's King Louis XVI formally joined into an alliance with the Americans, forcing the British to divert troops and resources to other theatres of the war--particularly Europe and the West Indies.

The battle would ruin Burgoyne's military career and make a legitimate hero of one American general--the fearless Daniel Morgan--and temporary heroes of two generals who would later be disgraced: Gates, who would be given command of the Southern army, only to lead it to disastrous defeat at the Battle of Camden; and Benedict Arnold, who would soon become America's most famous turncoat when he later went over to the British side.

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