Dystopian literature examines cultures which exist based upon their Utopian thoughts while using oppressive and controlling governments. Therefore, the novel The Hunger Games is a perfect example of a government working under Dystopian ideology.
The novel portrays a government, the Capitol (or District One), as the ultimately defining party responsible for the governing of the other districts. District One maintains control over the other districts in two ways.
First, District One holds the destruction of District Thirteen over the heads of the other districts. The other districts obey the Capital based upon the fear that the capitol will destroy them in the same way which they destroyed District Thirteen.
The second way District One maintains power over the other districts is the Games themselves. The games are representative of another way the Capitol can control the districts given the fear of murdering off the representative of each district.
District One reminds the other districts that without them the districts will not be able to survive. Each district has a specialization which the Capitol closely manages. The Utopian life the Capitol creates for the other districts is not noticed or recognized by anyone outside of the Capitol. The other districts are simply oppressed and controlled by fear.
Yes it is. Dystopian literature is a society that is dehumanizing and unpleasant which is exactly what the Hunger Games are. Year after year kids to adults are reaped from each District fighting until their last breath to become the victor and the only victor of the Hunger Games which is made into an entertainment for others.
It is a dystopia...