After his experience of the horrors of war, an experienced writer named William Golding described as "one had one's nose rubbed in the human condition" returned to teaching and philosophy. However, Golding rejected the rationalism of his father and began his doubts regarding human nature.
After reading at night to his small children R.M. Ballatyne's adventure story, The Coral Island in which well-groomed civilized British boys defeat the savage natives on an island where they are stranded, Golding wondered out loud to his wife whether it would be a good idea to write another story as an allegory that is similar, but the characters "behave as they really would." His wife agreed, encouraging him to write what became his greatest work. An allegory of man, Golding's Lord of the Flies presents the evil that man is capable of by nature.