Why have women been excluded from medical research?
Up until around the 1980's, medical students were taught that, except for issues relating to reproduction and maternity, women were identical in terms of medical issues to men. As a result, it was believed that medical research could be performed on men and the results would be the same as if the test was performed on women. This also meant that many doctors treated women for medical conditions in the same way as men where treated. Now, it is known that there are many differences between women and men's bodies, and medical research is performed on both men and women as a result.