Why has public policing delivered, at best, a mixed record in community policing?
The reason for this is that community policing is very hard to execute properly. It is a type of policing that requires the police to form a rapport with people in the neighborhood. However, this is very difficult to do for at least two reasons. First, it is personnel-intensive because it requires police to spend a lot of time getting to know the people in their neighborhoods. This is hard to do in times of budgetary difficulties. Second, it is hard to be both a police force and a force that gets to know people in a more friendly way. The police are often seen as a hard-nosed institution that comes in and arrests people. They have to play that role even if they are doing community policing. It is hard to play that role while still playing the more helpful role that community policing requires.