The Cold War Questions and Answers

Start Your Free Trial

Why had the wartime alliance between the USA and the Soviet Union broken down by the end of 1946?

Expert Answers info

Alec Cranford eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2011

write5,868 answers

starTop subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences

The Soviet Union and the United States had always been uneasy allies, because they were ideological opposites. The United States was a capitalist power with a democratic government, and the Soviet Union under Stalin was a communist dictatorship. Their alliance broke down over disagreements about postwar Europe.

The Soviets had accepted Franklin Roosevelt's insistence that free elections be held in Poland, occupied at the end of the war by Soviet forces. After Roosevelt's death, with the war at an end, the Soviets did not allow these elections, installing instead a Stalinist-style regime. This caused fierce disagreement at the Potsdam Conference in the summer of 1945.

In August, the United States ended the war with Japan by dropping two atomic bombs, launching the atomic race that would...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 395 words.)

Unlock This Answer Now


Further Reading:

check Approved by eNotes Editorial

pohnpei397 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2009

write35,413 answers

starTop subjects are History, Literature, and Social Sciences

check Approved by eNotes Editorial