Why is Grendel unable to attack King Hrothgar?

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Grendel is unable to attack Hrothgar's throne because he didn't have God on his side. Hrothgar has protection from God, as he is the king.

The speaker says that God opposes Grendel, so Grendel was unable to touch Hrothgar's throne. Perhaps this is why he was unable to kill the...

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Grendel is unable to attack Hrothgar's throne because he didn't have God on his side. Hrothgar has protection from God, as he is the king.

The speaker says that God opposes Grendel, so Grendel was unable to touch Hrothgar's throne. Perhaps this is why he was unable to kill the man himself, despite attacking every night for twelve years. While the poem doesn't directly explain why Grendle is opposed by God, it's likely because Cain was a progenitor of Grendel. Cain was the first person to commit murder in the Old Testament and was cursed by God. He is the ancestor of the monsters in Beowulf.

If Grendel had been favored by God as Beowulf and Hrothgar were, he may have been able to approach the throne and kill Hrothgar. Instead, he kept up his murderous campaign for years but never killed the man who built Heorot in the first place.

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Gendel is unable to attack King Hrothgar's throne because Hrothgar is protected by God. Since Grendel is a descendant of Cain, a reference to the Biblical Cain, he ultimately fears the repercussions of the sins committed by his ancestors. Grendel knows that his power is not greater than God's, and although Gendel is drawn to the mead hall to feed, he has respect for the powers that he can not defeat.

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