Global poverty is an important issue for many reasons.
Most importantly, it is an issue because of the way in which it affects people’s lives. Global poverty takes away from the ability of the poor to lead long and happy lives. It can help lead to conflicts and even to civil wars in poor countries. It helps to devastate the lives of too many people.
Global poverty is also an important issue because it is so intractable. If we knew how to end global poverty, it would not be an issue. But we do not know how to do so. Organizations like AID, NGOs like the Gates Foundation, and individual governments in rich countries try all sorts of different ways to end global poverty but have not succeeded to this point.
Thus, global poverty is an important issue largely because it does so much harm and because it has so far been impossible for us to end it.