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Ghana is a less economically developed country (LEDC) because it fits the criteria that are used to identify such countries. Specifically, it is relatively poor and it also has bad scores on other measures of development. Let us look at some important statistics from the CIA Factbook about Ghana:
- Ghana is #176 out of 230 nations in GDP per capita. Its GDP per capita is $4,200, which is much higher than the lowest country (Central African Republic, with $600), but is also much lower than middle income countries like Albania or Egypt (both with $11,100). There is no official cutoff for LEDC status, but clearly, Ghana is among the poorer countries of the world.
- Ghana has the 59th highest rate of infant mortality in the world. 37.37 babies die in Ghana for every 1,000 live births. Again, there are countries whose numbers are much worse (Afghanistan, Mali, Somalia, and the CAR are all above 90), but Ghana is still much worse off than countries that are not even considered to be rich or well-developed. For example, Botswana, Sri Lanka, and Costa Rica all have numbers under 9 per 1000 live births.
- As a final example of why we can say Ghana is an LEDC, its life expectancy is 172nd in the world. Again, this places it firmly in the lower tier of nations.
From these statistics (and more) we can see that Ghana is clearly an LEDC.
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