Why does Romeo at first refuse to fight Tybalt?

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Romeo does not want to fight Tybalt because he has just married Juliet, and even though he has to keep their marriage a secret, he now looks at Tybalt as his own family. Romeo ends up killing Tybalt after Tybalt kills Mercutio, Romeo's best friend. At the end of Act III, Scene 1, Romeo blames his love for Juliet, lamenting that he tried to make peace instead of killing Tybalt outright when Tybalt first insulted him. 

"O sweet Juliet,
Thy beauty hath made me effeminate
And in my temper soft'ned valour's steel."

Tybalt's death results in Romeo's banishment. With Romeo fled to Mantua, Juliet is left to face her parents' concern. Believing her to be grief-stricken over Tybalt's death and in need of distraction, they arrange a hasty marriage to Paris—which Juliet then fakes her death to escape. On hearing the news, Romeo rushes to Juliet's tomb to kill himself. Juliet, waking to see Romeo dead, then kills herself. In short, by causing Romeo's banishment and separating the lovers, Tybalt's death precipitates the story's tragic conclusion.

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In Act III Scene 1, Tybalt is facing off with Mercutio and Benvolio when Romeo walks up. Tybalt tells him that he hates him and that Romeo is a villain. Romeo replies that the reason he has to love Tybalt excuses Tybalt's rude greeting, and denies being a villain. He says farewell, adding that he sees that Tybalt obviously don't know who he is (since he's calling him a villain). Tybalt replies by calling him "boy"--then and now an insult--and says Romeo's brushoff won't excuse "the injuries" Romeo has done to him, and orders him to turn back around and draw his sword. Romeo protests that he has never done anything to injure Tybalt. Quite the contrary: he loves Tybalt more than Tybalt can understand (until Romeo tells him why, at least). And until the time he tells him why he loves him, Tybalt is to be satisfied. 

That reason is that within the hour, Romeo has married Tybalt's cousin, Juilet, and now considers Tybalt his own kinsman. 

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