The goals and ideals of the American Revolution are clearly expressed in the Declaration of Independence. For many years, we were satisfied with our relationship with Great Britain. However, that began to change after the French and Indian War.
The colonists believed that the role of the British government was to protect their rights. After the French and Indian War, the colonists felt the British government was violating their rights. The colonists were unhappy with the new tax laws. Since the colonists had no representatives in Parliament, they believed the British could not tax them. This was because British citizens have the right to have representatives in Parliament who could vote on proposed taxes. Since the colonists had no representatives in Parliament, they believed they shouldn’t be taxed.
The colonists had other concerns also. The colonists were afraid of search warrants, or writs of assistance, that gave the British officials the right to search the colonists if they expected smuggling was occurring. The colonists felt this violated their rights.
The colonists believed that if the government didn’t protect their rights, then they had to change the government. As hostilities increased between the British and the colonists, the colonists believed they needed to be free from British rule. The colonists felt they had learned from the British how to govern themselves. Now that issues arose and blood was shed after the Boston Massacre and the battles at Lexington and Concord, the colonists believed they needed to be independent. They wanted a government that would protect and respect their rights. They believed the British government was no longer doing this. Thus, the colonists believed a new government was needed. These concepts were expressed in the Declaration of Independence and the Revolutionary War that followed the issuing of the Declaration of Independence.