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A Midsummer Night's Dream

by William Shakespeare
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Why doesn’t the fairy that is standing over Titania see Oberon?

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That's a very good question. A single fairy has been chosen to stand watch over Titania while she sleeps. But he doesn't do a very good job of it because the mischievous Oberon is able to creep up on Titania and squeeze Puck's love potion onto her eyelids. This will be his revenge on her for defying him over the Indian prince. The plan is that, once she wakes up from her slumbers, she'll fall in love with the first creature she lays eyes on.

It isn't explicitly mentioned in the text, but perhaps the fairy sentinel has fallen asleep. And if he hasn't, then maybe he did notice Oberon lurking around the undergrowth but didn't do anything because Oberon is king, and it's not the place of a humble fairy to challenge his lord and master.

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