"CA - 10th largest economy in the world, a pop. greater than Canada,worldwide influence on media and culture, it deserves its own seat in the UN".
Germany and Japan should probably be on the Security Council, but that is very unlikely, AND they are actually countries.
Supposing we were to propose California's own seat on the UN. It would be immediately be vetoed by any or all of the other four permanent members, Russia, France, Britain and China, that is, after they had themselves a good laugh and a soda.
California has a large population and economy, yes, and deserves added representation within the United States, which it has been apportioned constitutionally in the House of Representatives.
I agree. It does not make any sense for the United States and California to both be represented in the UN. Just because California has a large number of people does not mean that it has the same interests as a nation. California is just a part of the United States, and is represented through the US's interest in the United Nations.
Although California has a large population and economy, there is no way that it deserves a seat in the United Nations. This is because California is not what is called a "sovereign state." Only sovereign states can be in the United Nations.
A sovereign state is one that has complete control (legally, at least) over its territory and its people. There can be no other entity that has the legal right to tell a sovereign state or its people what to do. California does not meet these criteria.
California is a state in the US federalist system. It has some control over its own people. For example, it can hold a referendum over whether to legalize marijuana or gay marriage. However, it is not sovereign. The US government has the right to overrule California's laws if those laws come into conflict with those of the United States.
Furthermore, only the US government can conduct foreign policy. US states are not allowed to make treaties with foreign governments. This is another sign that California is not a sovereign state.
So, California is large and influential, but it is not a sovereign state. Therefore, it does not deserve a seat in the UN.