Why does Winston say that Julia is a rebel only from the waist down? This will be in part 2, chapters 1-5.

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Anytime Winston Smith begins discussing the principles of Ingsoc, doublethink, the mutability of the past, or the Party's various propaganda techniques, Julia becomes bored and simply falls asleep. Unlike Winston, who is interested in the way the Party maintains control over reality and the populace of Oceania, Julia is only concerned with undermining the Party in order to receive physical satisfaction. She does not bother herself with intellectual matters or deeply analyze the various ways the Party controls their society. Julia's focus on experiencing physical gratification is why Winston refers to her as a "rebel from the waist down." From Julia's perspective, she could care less about the Party's contradictory principles or how the next generation of citizens will be affected by the oppressive tactics of the Party. Unlike Winston, her goals are not linked to undermining the Party's oppressive institutions or fighting Big Brother; she simply enjoys the pleasure of deceiving the authorities and fornicating with Party members. While her goals may seem shallow, Winston admires Julia's ability to focus on herself and satisfy her inherent human desires, which is considered a rebellious act in Oceania.

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In part 2 of chapter 5 we see Winston growing as an individual.  Winston is doing his best to get Julia to learn about the history of the Party and what it would mean if they could overthrow the Party.  He is very interested in the politics and the methods the Party uses to brainwash the people and wants to find a way to help the revolution.  At one point, Julia falls asleep as Winston is reading.  Anytime Winston tries to discuss politics or revolt Julia gets bored, and he tells her that she is just a "rebel from the waist down." 

Julia wants her freedom to have sex when she wants it.  She wants freedom to have real coffee and privacy as well as a relationship if she so chooses.  The only time she is interested in rebelling is when there is something in it for her.

"Through her, Winston realizes how easy it is to present the outward appearance of the devoted Party member while having no inward idea of what the Party ideology conveys."

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