Why does Thoreau believe "a government in which the majority rule in all cases cannot be based on justice, even as far as men understand it"?  

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Essentially, Thoreau believes that a government based on majority rule will not be a just one because the majority is simply the strongest group, not necessarily the right group. It is not fair to the minority, whose opinion in any and all matters of legality is basically rendered completely irrelevant even if the minority is in the moral right.

Thoreau argues that conscience should dictate our decisions as individuals and that the citizen ought not to be required to "resign his conscience to the legislator." He argues that we should be individuals first and citizens second; our own consciences should rule our decisions, and we should not by ruled by the laws, which are determined by the majority vote of our legislators, who are elected by majority vote. Thoreau says,

Law never made men a whit more just; and, by means of their respect for it, even the well-disposed are daily made the agents of injustice.

Majority rule leads to a...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 478 words.)

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