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Why does Sun Yat-sen believe that China requires a revolution rather than reform? 

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The revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen believed as such due to the long history of China as a country, steep in traditions and rich in history. It was believed that foreign rule by the Qing Dynasty based on said traditions is what had brought China to its modern disheveled state, in which the Opium Wars greatly harmed their prestige in the eyes of the victorious Western Powers and the subsequent Chinese economy as well. These aspects played on the Chinese desire for stability, and his revolution had to as well, as it had to be seen as honoring Chinese history by the will of the people, rather than that of a Western educated usurper.

Revolution was also needed to avoid the more...

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