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In Stephen Dunn’s poem titled “Hawk,” a hawk accidentally crashes into the window of a home owned by the poem’s speaker. At first the speaker assumes that the bird is so seriously injured that it will not be able to fly again and may thus need to be taken care of, and thus possessed, by the speaker:
I thought [it] might become mine after it crashed into the large window and lay one wing spread, the other loosely tucked . . . (4-8)Instead, however, the hawk manages to get up, although dazed, and resume flying. The speaker’s reactions to the (temporarily) injured hawk can be viewed from a number of different perspectives, including the following: · The speaker seems to desire to help the hawk from altruistic motives. After all, the speaker had no idea that the hawk would crash into his window. He seems to regard the crash as an unfortunate accident and seems to think that he can help the hawk survive by taking care of it if it is too injured to fly again. One might even say (from this perspective) that the speaker’s motives are “humane” in the fullest senses of that word. · On the other hand, the speaker himself seems to suggest, in the opening two lines of the poem, that his motives for wanting to take care of the hawk were somewhat selfish and even weak:
What a needy, desperate thing to claim what's wild for oneself . . .This less attractive interpretation of the speaker’s motives (an interpretation offered by the speaker himself) is supported by his later reference to his thought that the hawk “might become mine” (5; emphasis added). Such phrasing implies that the speaker’s motives may not have been entirely altruistic but may in fact have been tinged with selfish possessiveness. · However, the poem is made even more complicated by the fact that the speaker seems to be criticizing himself and his motives in the lines just quoted. His selfish possessiveness, then, is somewhat offset by the fact that he realizes that he is capable of feeling selfish possessiveness and that he rejects this motive in himself. In short, the poem is a complex work of art, not merely an expression of simple, uncomplicated thoughts.
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