Midnight’s Children is neatly divided into three parts to give the novel coherence and tie the it together. Overtly the three parts serve no purpose other than making the reading a bit simpler but if analyzed closely there is a structure to the three parts.
The first part builds up the momentum for the birth of the protagonist, Saleem. Rushdie provides information about Saleem’s family background and gives a brief description of the major historical events. Only towards the end of the book he come into the picture.
In the second part all events, accidents and happenings surrounding Saleem and his family are described. In this part we see the protagonist grow and eventually lose his entire family. Along with the growth of Saleem the development of India is also traced.
The last part is variously described as being gloomy and depressing because in this part the gory details of wars, eviction of slums and tyranny of government is explained. It is almost as if both Saleem and the country of his birth have failed and lost their vitality.