In chapter 4, Jack allows his hunters to leave the signal fire, and the boys miss out on a chance to be rescued when a ship passes the island. By the end of chapter 4, Ralph realizes the need to reassess the entire situation, and calls for a meeting to address the lack of effort the boys are making to maintain a civil, organized lifestyle.
Ralph begins the assembly in chapter 5 by mentioning that the boys do not complete the tasks they agree upon during their meetings. Ralph comments on several issues, such as the lack of water in the coconut shells, the inconvenient places where the boys are relieving themselves, and the fact that only Simon helped finish building the shelters with him. Ralph then reiterates the importance of maintaining a signal fire, and makes a new rule concerning where the boys are allowed to cook their food.
The last topic Ralph discusses concerns the existence of the beast on the island. In Ralph's attempt to quell concerns regarding the beast, the assembly loses focus, and Jack leads the majority of the boys away from the platform to perform their ritual hunting dance.