Piggy is the voice of reason, intellect, and civilization in the novel. He dies because he is never able to put himself into the shoes of Jack 's followers and understand the allure for them of the giving into primal, savage, and irrational desires. He represents reason, but a reason...
Piggy is the voice of reason, intellect, and civilization in the novel. He dies because he is never able to put himself into the shoes of Jack's followers and understand the allure for them of the giving into primal, savage, and irrational desires. He represents reason, but a reason that is too one-sided.
This emerges from the beginning, when he is unable to take on a leadership position as Ralph can. Piggy is very capable and has good ideas, but he can't relate well to the other boys, especially those of his same age, who ridicule him.
Piggy has asthma and is overweight, and for these reasons, he has not participated in sports or learned the joy of physicality. This has contributed to his lack of development of certain kinds of social skills, but more importantly, leaves a gap in his knowledge of life. Jack relies on appealing to the physical side of the boys rather than the intellectual—dancing, hunting, killing—and this is something Piggy simply doesn't understand. Because of his limitations, he has never experienced physical prowess as pleasurable.
Piggy also universalizes civilization. He, for example, takes the conch with him when he and Ralph and Samneric go to talk to Jack about the fire. He doesn't realize that the conch is not necessarily going to be respected in this new society. He doesn't realizes that civilized norms are built on social consensus and are not laws of nature.
When the boulder comes tumbling down from above, Ralph realizes what is going on and gets out of the way, but Piggy doesn't seem to fully grasp what is happening, because it falls outside of his comprehension. He is, in a sense, crushed by his inability to understand why anyone would behave in an evil and irrational way.
The fragility of civilization is symbolized in how easily Piggy is killed and the conch destroyed.