Why does Napoleon order that the hens' eggs be sold, and what happens when the hens rebel?

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In Chapter 6, Napoleon announces that the animals will begin to engage in trade with their neighbors in order to obtain necessary materials that they are unable to produce on the farm. In Chapter 7, Napoleon accepts a contract through Whymper for four hundred eggs per week. The price of the eggs will help pay for enough grain and meal to keep the farm going until summer. The hens are outraged when they hear that their eggs will be stolen and stage a rebellion. The hens begin to fly to the top of the rafters to lay their eggs. They then knock the eggs off of the rafters and let them fall to the floor. Napoleon immediately orders the hens' food rations to be stopped and threatens to kill any animal who gives the hens food. The hens hold out for five days before they finally capitulate and return to their nesting boxes.  

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In chapter seven, Squealer announces that Napoleon has accepted a contract through Mr. Whymper for four hundred eggs a week in exchange for grain and meal to keep the farm going until summer, when conditions are easier. The hens raise a terrible outcry when they receive this information and begin to protest that taking their eggs away at this time is murder. Three young Black Minorca pullets stage a rebellion by flying up to the rafters, where they lay their eggs and smash them to pieces by rolling them onto the ground. Napoleon responds by ordering that their food rations be stopped and declares that any animal caught feeding the hens should be punished by death. Napoleon's dogs make sure that the rebelling hens are not fed, and nine hens die of starvation before the others capitulate and go back to their nesting boxes. Napoleon's harsh orders and callous nature depict him as a ruthless tyrant who is willing to kill anyone opposing his political agenda or challenging his authority.

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Conditions on the Animal Farm are growing worse. It is winter and food is scarce. In order to make some money to buy food and keep the farm going, Squealer announces that the hens must give up 400 eggs a week. The hens consider this murder so they begin the lay their eggs in the rafters of the barn and smash them on the floor. Napoleon retaliates by refusing the hens food. He tells the other animals that any one caught giving the hens even one pellet of corn will be executed. The hens hold out for five days and are then forced to surrender. Napoleon is able to supply 400 eggs a week to Whymper.

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The reason that Napoleon wants the eggs to be sold is, of course, for money.  What Squealer announces is that the money will be used to buy grain and such to tide the animals over until it gets to be summer and they can get more food.

When the hens hear this, they protest and start to smash their eggs.  They end up getting killed.  They are starved to death.  Napoleon orders that anyone who gives them any food will be killed.  The dogs ensure that no one does help the hens and nine of them die.

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It is important to note why Napoleon says the hens' eggs should be sold. He claims that the hens general make-up almost makes it impossible for them to contribute to the labor and construction of the windmill. But, they do have a commodity others value, and that could be their contribution: their eggs.

The hens stage a rebellion of their own which includes laying their eggs from the rafters so they break on the ground and are of no use. Napoleon responds by withholding their food. After five days, a few die. The rest decide its not worth it and give in to Napoleon's demands.

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