Why does Harper Lee have changes in the narrative with Scout's change? Why does Harper Lee make Scout change and make the story change? Prejudice? To Kill a Mockingbird
Since Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird is designed as a bildungsroman, the motif of the novel is the maturation of the children, especially Scout. As such, therefore, Scout's perspective moves from one of childish superstitions and selfish notions to one that is more objective and broader in scope. From her father's strong example, Scout learns to respect people's perogatives on how they want to live, to learn to understand people better by considering things from their point of view by "climb[ing] into [their] skin and walk[ing] around in it." In addition, Scout learns how people have mindsets that are irrational. In the courtroom, Scout learns the detrimental aspects of such ignorance. In fact, she learns the evil that men do without regard to the individual. At the jailhouse scene, Scout realizes how powerful it can be to individualize in one's perspective.
Thus, as Scout matures, the world grows larger for her and more different; she stands on the porch of the Radleys and looks at the neighborhood as though perceiving it for the first time. She remarks,
Atticus was right. One time he said you never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them. Just standing on the Radley porch was enough.