Why does the Ghost of Christmas Past show Scrooge the boarding school where he was left alone?
Ebenezer Scrooge lives a solitary existence. Rich in material wealth, he has eschewed the company of man seemingly destined to die as he has lived -- alone. Charles Dickens, in his story A Christmas Carol, portrays Scrooge as miserly and perpetually bitter, treating all about him, especially his loyal employee, Bob Cratchit, dismissively and contemptuously. Having depicted his "protagonist," early in his narrative, in such a negative, unlikable way, Dickens then proceeds to follow Scrooge as the elderly businessman arrives at his home and proceeds to his evening routine, all alone. In Stave II, as warned by the ghost of Scrooge's deceased business partner, Jacob Marley, Scrooge is visited that night by a series of spirits, the first being the Ghost of Christmas Past. It is, of course, during the old man's encounter with the first of the three ghosts that he is transported back in time to a reminder of the solitary existence he lead even as a child. As the ghost and Scrooge visit the scenes of the latter's early life, Scrooge is elated to recognize individuals from his past. As described by Dickens, the scene is as follows:
The jocund travellers came on; and as they came, Scrooge knew and named them every one. Why was he rejoiced beyond all bounds to see them! Why did his cold eye glisten, and his heart leap up as they went past! Why was he filled with gladness when he heard them give each other Merry Christmas, as they parted at cross-roads and bye-ways, for their several homes! What was merry Christmas to Scrooge? Out upon merry Christmas! What good had it ever done to him?
“The school is not quite deserted,” said the Ghost. “A solitary child, neglected by his friends, is left there still.”
Scrooge said he knew it. And he sobbed.
This poignant scene in A Christmas Carol serves to enlighten the protagonist and the reader as to the origins of Scrooge's current demeanor. This is an important passage as it reveals Scrooge's inner need for the human companionship he has disdained in adulthood. He is overjoyed by the sight of these people from his long-gone childhood, only to be reminded by the vision of himself as a lonely child. For him, the joy in those around him never penetrated into his soul, and he would grow into a man seemingly content to maintain invisible walls between himself and the rest of humanity. It is this scene, as well as those that follow during the course of the night, that helps Scrooge to recognize the error of his ways and to begin a new chapter in his life, one that embraces those he previously spurned. The Ghost of Christmas Past has shown Scrooge his loneliness as a child in order to display for the old miser the length of the road down which he has traveled to reach his current state of being.
Scrooge is a mean and nasty man. He treats people unkind and only thinks about himself. When the ghost of Marley comes to visit him, he tries to warn him that this is for his own good. Scrooge doesn't believe him, but soon finds out what he says is true.
Scrooge is shown the school by the Ghost of Christmas Past. In the school they see a young boy all alone. It is Christmas break and everyone has gone home with their families, but the young boy is left to spend it all alone. The young boy is Scrooge and the Ghost shows him this, to remind him of the loneliness he felt as a child.
"The school is not quite deserted." said the Ghost. "A solitary child, neglected by his friends, is left there still." Scrooge said he knew it. And he sobbed."
We are shown this piece of Scrooge's history to show us how the young Scrooge was abandoned by his friends and father. It goes to show why Scrooge became the man he is. These memories are shown to Scrooge to try to help him remember what it was like for him. He was a young boy and was left all alone at Christmas. These events go on the shape the man Scrooge becomes.
The Ghost hopes to remind Scrooge of what it was like to be alone and hopeless around Christmas. While it is true that Scrooge is bitter and selfish because of the way in which he was treated as a boy, the Ghost tries to show the miser that rather than his past negatively influencing his actions, it should, instead, encourage him to help others to never have to experience the disheartening, cheerless holidays (or life) that he had as a boy.
When the ghost showed Scrooge, a solitary child neglected by his friends, he was reflecting upon himself as he sobbed. This shows that Scrooge has emotion therefore symbolising a change in his vice and vigorously described cape to his true inner self. This ghost had showed Scrooge himself in the past as a lonely young boy reading alone in the school, the feelings he had completely changed him and as signs in his cold heart began to thaw and his inner being began to be revealed.