Why does Emerson criticize schools as bureaucratic institutions?

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The great Transcendentalist who wrote Nature perceives in the bureaucracies of public school the "costly machinery against nature" in which the modes of education aim to save labor and expedite learning rather than exercising the patience of Nature:

Whilst we all know in our own experience and apply natural methods in our own business -- in education our common sense fails us, and we are continually trying costly machinery against nature, in patent schools and academies and in great colleges and universities.

When the teacher must watch the clock, teach several classes in which the "dullard" is mixed in with the "genius," there can no true learning, Emerson contends.  For, there is no mechanical method that can nurture both minds at the same time.  Emerson states that the following of nature

...involves at once immense claims on the...

(The entire section contains 424 words.)

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