Why does Calpurnia stop Caesar from going to the Senate and how does he react?

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In Act Two, Scene 2, Calpurnia enters the scene and expresses her concern about the bad omens she has overheard. Calpurnia tells Caesar that there are rumors that a lioness gave birth in the streets, corpses rose from their graves, and clouds drizzled blood onto the Capitol. Caesar immediately dismisses these omens by telling his wife,

"Cowards die many times before their deaths. The valiant never taste of death but once" (Shakespeare, 2.2.32-33).

After Caesar's servant informs him that the priests believe he should not go to the Senate, Calpurnia encourages her husband to send Mark Antony and blame his absence on her worries. Caesar briefly consents to his wife until Decius asks Caesar to give a valid reason for his absence. Calpurnia's motivation to prevent her husband from traveling to the Senate is revealed when Caesar explains to Decius that his wife had a foreboding dream. Caesar mentions that Calpurnia had dreamt that she saw a statue of him with a hundred holes in it, and blood was flowing like a fountain down the sides of the statue as Romans washed their hands in Caesar's blood.

Calpurnia's ominous dream coupled with the bad omens she has overheard influence her to prevent Caesar from going to the Senate. Caesar initially dismisses Calpurnia's concerns, before consenting to her warnings. Unfortunately, Caesar changes his mind again after Decius offers him a favorable interpretation of Calpurnia's dream and he decides to go to the Senate.

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Calpurnia has a horrible nightmare the night before Caesar is murdered. She dreams that Caesar's statue is as a fountain with blood flowing from it. For this reason, Calpurnia begs Caesar to stay home and not go to the Capitol:

Calphurnia is Caesar's wife. In II.ii, she is concerned about the bad omens, which she frankly admits she has never put much credence in before this time. When Calphurnia gets on her knee to Caesar, she temporarily succeeds in persuading him to remain at home. She offers to let Caesar use her anxiety as an excuse for not going to the Capitol.

At first, Caesar gives in to Calpurnia. He agrees to stay home to please her. Then Decius, one of the conspirators, ridicules Caesar for giving in to his wife's fears. He makes Caesar feel foolish for giving in to his wife's pleas.

Then Caesar speaks to Calpurnia as if she has been foolish for having nonsensical fears. Caesar gently criticizes Calpurnia for causing him to give in to her fears:

How foolish your fears seem now, Calpurnia!
I’m ashamed that I gave in to them.
Give me my robe, because I’ll go.

He decides to go to the Capitol after all.

Caesar should have given in to Calpurnia's real fears. She was trying to save his life. Caesar disregarded her pleas to stay at home. He was stabbed thirty-three times at the Senate-house.

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