Why does Armand believe that Desiree is the reason her child is not white, in Desiree's Baby?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Desiree was abandoned as a baby and was taken in by Monsieur and Madame Valmonde, who were a wealthy couple living in Louisiana. The background of Desiree's parents is unknown. When Armand, another child of a wealthy landowner, sees Desiree, he falls in love with her instantly. The two eventually get married and have a son. At first, the family is extremely happy together, however as the child grows people begin to question his appearance. Desiree is upset because Armand has become cold and distant to her. One day as the young baby is being fanned by a young slave boy, Desiree realizes the baby has a dark complexion like the slave boy. Desiree demands that Armand tell her what it means and his answer destroys her happiness.

"It means," he answered lightly, "that the child is not white; it means that you are not white."

Desiree writes to her mother demanding that she tell everyone that it is not true. Madame Valmonde tells Desiree to come home and bring the baby with her. Desiree asks Armand if that is what she wants and he tells her yes. Desiree walks off into the swamp with the baby and is never seen again. Later on Armand is having all the baby things burned and throws the letters Desiree wrote to him in the fire. In the drawer with all of Desiree's letters is a letter from his mother to his father that explains everything. 

"But above all," she wrote, "night and day, I thank the good God for having so arranged our lives that our dear Armand will never know that his mother, who adores him, belongs to the race that is cursed with the brand of slavery."

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

We’ll help your grades soar

Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now.

  • 30,000+ book summaries
  • 20% study tools discount
  • Ad-free content
  • PDF downloads
  • 300,000+ answers
  • 5-star customer support
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial