Pyrrhus And Priam
Why does Hamlet recall the story of Priam and Pyrrhus in Act 2 of Shakespeare's Hamlet?
Does it reflect it any way upon Hamlet's own situation?
The characters are from the stories of the Trojan War. For this allusion to be effective, most of the Elizabethan audience the play was performed for would have known of the story. Priam is killed by Achilles' son Neoptolemus (also known as Pyrrhus).
It is possible that Hamlet is comparing Pyrrhus to his uncle, Claudius. Some sources record the presence of Piram's wife, Hecuba, who helplessly stands by watching the murder. Hamlet wonders if perhaps Gertrude stood by and watched...
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What if Hamlet is Pyrrhus and Claudius is Priam? That might make sense, since Pyrrhus was a good guy and needed to take revenge on Priam (the evil Trojan king.) By referencing the relationship between Pyrrhus and Priam, Hamlet might be foreshadowing his own killing of Claudius.