Why do we want to know about valence electrons?  Why do we need to use electron configurations to determine how many valence electrons are in an element?

2 Answers | Add Yours

jgeertz's profile pic

jgeertz | College Teacher | (Level 1) Associate Educator

Posted on

Valence electrons are quite important. They are the electrons that exist in the outermost shell/cloud of an atom at the highest energy level. When atoms interact chemically through bonding, it's their outer shell electrons that are involved. The number of outer shell or valence electrons influences how the element will react by gaining or losing electrons to create stability. The periodic table of elements is arranged to reflect this. Elements with the same number of valence electrons are in the same column. The less valence electrons an atom holds, the less stable it is.

Electron configurations tell us how many valence electrons are in an element and therefore give us an idea of the element's bonding ability, magnetism, and other chemical properties.

As an example, calcium is element #20. It is in the fourth period in the second column of the s block. Therefore calcium has an outermost electron configuration of 4s^2.

Sources:
twinkle96's profile pic

twinkle96 | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) eNoter

Posted on

Valence electrons lets us know about the reactivity od the element, what kind of bonds can be formed by the element and I think, the geometric shape of a compound and its polarity.

We’ve answered 318,929 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question