Why do we have a bicameral legislature?
We have a bicameral legislature so that the federal government cannot abuse its power.
A bicameral legislature refers to a lawmaking body that is comprised of two chambers or houses. In the United States, this would be Congress, which is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
When the Founding Fathers were writing the Constitution, they wanted to assure that there would be no more tyranny or abuse of power among the federal government. They established the different branches so that there was a system of checks and balances, which created a separation of powers so that no single branch could have too much power.
Within the legislative branch, the Founding Fathers created two houses—and thus a bicameral legislature—to further assure fairness for all United States citizens. The Senate is made up of senators, two from each state, while the House of Representatives is made up of a number of representatives for each state based on population. In order for a bill to become a law in the United States, it must be passed by a two-thirds majority vote in both houses before going to the President for his signature or veto. With the bicameral legislature, the interests of all citizens are considered and neither chamber has more power over the other.
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