Why do many people in Quebec want an independent Quebec?

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Prior to the French and Indian War, Quebec was the center of government for New France. As a result, the French language and French cultural traditions were firmly established in Quebec. After France left North America, Great Britain controlled Canada.

Over the years, there has been a significant assimilation of...

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Prior to the French and Indian War, Quebec was the center of government for New France. As a result, the French language and French cultural traditions were firmly established in Quebec. After France left North America, Great Britain controlled Canada.

Over the years, there has been a significant assimilation of the French-speaking people into Canadian society outside of Quebec. While the government of Canada promotes a policy of bilingualism, in reality, outside of Quebec, the English language is very dominant. The government in Quebec promotes the French language and the French culture. As more immigrants arrive in Canada and in Quebec, it becomes more difficult to protect the French language and the French culture. As a result, there has been a growing movement in Quebec to separate itself from Canada to protect the French traditions and the French customs that exist in Quebec.

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I don't know the exact number, but there are not many benefits to Quebec being independent. As part of Canada, Quebec enjoys a fairly stable economy and working governmental infrastructure. The people have voting rights, and even speak their own language. I see no reason for them to be their own country.
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The basic reason for this is the fact that the people of Quebec have a different national heritage from the rest of Canada.  The rest of Canada is Anglophone and was originally made up of colonies of England.  Quebec, by contrast, is Francophone and was a colony of France until England won it in 1763.

Separatists feel that they are a distinct nation.  They feel that their French heritage sets them apart from the rest of Canada.  They feel that being part of Canada is endangering this heritage.  Furthermore, they feel that Anglophone Canada has run the country in ways that help itself and hurt Quebec.  Because of this, they feel that they need to be a separate country so as to preserve their heritage and to have a government that pays attention to their intersts.

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