Why does Jonas take pills in The Giver?

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In chapter 5, Jonas tells his parents about his sexually charged dream with Fiona at the House of the Old. Jonas explains to his parents that in his dream he wished that Fiona would disrobe and bathe with him in a tub. He also describes the "wanting" he felt...

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In chapter 5, Jonas tells his parents about his sexually charged dream with Fiona at the House of the Old. Jonas explains to his parents that in his dream he wished that Fiona would disrobe and bathe with him in a tub. He also describes the "wanting" he felt as he stood face to face with Fiona wishing she would get into the tub with him. Jonas's parents immediately recognize his feelings and inform him that he is simply experiencing the "Stirrings," which are his inherent sexual desires. Jonas's mother proceeds to tell him that the Stirrings are typical, and all he needs to do is take a pill each day to quell the Stirrings. In Jonas's highly organized, structured society, citizens are required to take pills to suppress their natural sexual desires. In a society where citizens' partners are chosen by the Committee of Elders, suppressing citizens' sexual desires is an important aspect of maintaining a stable, predictable community.

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Aside from pain pills, which do not seem to be used very much, the pills that Jonas takes are for his "Stirrings."  He begins these shortly before he is expected to celebrate his Ceremony of Twelve, which means he is about to turn twelve years old.  The pills begin after he reports a dream to his parents in which he wanted his friend Fiona to take off all of her clothes and get in the bathtub, so he could touch her and bathe her. These were Jonas' first indication of sexual desire, which is what Stirrings are called in the community.  Sexual desire is a condition that the community "treats" with these pills because the community wants all sexual desire to be repressed. Both of Jonas' parents take these pills, as does his friend Asher. Babies are produced by Birthmothers, and there is no other reproduction in the community. Each family unit gets two children this way.  It is clear that the community does not want people to have sex.  This is a means of controlling the population. If people do not have sex, there is no risk of unwanted pregnancies. I also think that repressing sexuality is meant to avoid all the messy emotions that result from sexual desire, love and jealousy, for example. 

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