Why do authors use children and animals as main characters instead of adult characters, like C.S. Lewis in The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe?

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Kristen Lentz | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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C.S. Lewis originally intended The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe as a children's story.  Many times in allegories, the storyteller chooses characters with whom the intended audience can easily relate.  Both children and animals come across in literature as being extremely innocent and naive in many ways; their experiences learning about the world around them becomes the perfect fodder for stories.  Beyond the quality of innocence, the use of animals also signifies a connection to the natural world and order; the environment suggests a natural order of things, of balance, and cause and effect, which often is key in many allegories.