Why didn't the Protestant Reform affect Southern Europe?
So basically, I took the causes of the Renaissance and of the Reform, and compared them, and now I'm trying to draw conclusions as to why the Reform didn't affect the south.
It is very difficult to know the reason for this with any certainty. However, a few plausible explanations have been given for the lack of a reformation in Italy.
- The Pope was in Rome and was Italian. This can be seen as a source of national pride for Italians who would therefore be loyal to the Church.
- The Catholic Church was a source of wealth in Italy where it was not in other countries.
- The Renaissance had made Italy prosperous and less likely to rebel.
- The Inquisition was more active in Italy (and Spain) than elsewhere.
I have issues with these explanations, but they are the best I have seen. Again, it is very difficult to know for sure why religious beliefs take hold in some places and not in others.